Post your response to the following: Surveys suggest that up to 4% of the U.S. population suffers from generalized anxiety disorder. How are anxiety disorders viewed by various psychological perspectives such as psychodynamic, biological, cognitive, and humanistic? With which perspective do you most agree? With which do you least agree? Explain your answers.
The psychodynamic approach to anxiety disorders seems to center around expression or restraint of the ID impulses. If ID impulses are suppressed, then moral anxiety may result; likewise, if ID impulses are repeatedly prevented neurotic anxiety might result. The humanistic perspective dictates that anxiety disorder results from an unrealistic view of oneself. Consequently, the cognitive approach suggests that these disorders are caused by maladaptive assumptions about oneself. Biological perspectives explain that anxiety disorders can be the result of genetics. Lastly, the behaviorist perspective says that phobias are mainly attained through classic conditioning. I think that I agree the most with the behaviorist model of anxiety disorders. This stems from my belief that most disorders, barring those that have explicit biological causes, are reactionary in nature. To that end, reactionary disorders can be “undone” by relearning the underlying associations. I would have to say that I disagree the most with the biological perspective. It is not my experience that the tendency towards anxiety is genetically inherited, but rather environmentally learned. I am a fierce advocate of the belief that genetics does not mandate action but rather predispose action. Predispositions can be overcome through an act of the will, as it were.
Nevid, J.S., & Rathus, S.A. (2005). Psychology and the challenges of life: Adjustment in the new millennium (9th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.