Suicide Rates by Age Group

Respond to the following based on the information in the “Suicide Rates by Age Group” article: What has been the trend in suicide rates over the past few years? Surprisingly, in the past few years, suicide rates have declined to the point that suicide is not even considered one of the top causes of death... Continue Reading →

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Perspectives of Substance Abuse

With which viewpoint or viewpoints do you agree most? Why? Provide specific examples of causal factors and treatments outlined by the respective theoretical viewpoints. I have always been a fan of the behaviorist perspective on psychological disorders, and substance-related disorders are no different. I do agree with Nevid and Rathus (2005) when they say that... Continue Reading →

Stress Disorders

Stress can be the root cause of psychological disorders. Name four symptoms shared by acute and post-traumatic stress disorders.Four symptoms that both post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) and acute stress disorders (ASD) have in common are re-experiencing the traumatic event, avoidance, reduced responsiveness; and increased arousal, anxiety, and guilt (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Ways in which... Continue Reading →

Research Methods: Advantages and Disadvantages

List the advantages and disadvantages of the following research methods: Research Method Advantages Disadvantages Case Study Case studies provide rich detail that can be used to determine complex psychological problems. Case studies can also be used as tentative support for a theory or even as a challenge to a theory’s assumptions. Case studies offer a... Continue Reading →

Mind Over Matter

What is the difference between mental illness and insanity? (Hint: What is the important second prong of the McNaughten rule?) The difference between mental illness and insanity seems to center on the ability to distinguish between right and wrong (Gibeaut, 2006). Furthermore, a plea of incompetent to stand trial includes the requirement that a defendant,... Continue Reading →

Models of Abnormality

Psychologists use several different models to explain abnormal behavior. These different models have created shifts in values and beliefs as well as improvements in clinical research. These differences in ideas mean that the different models are sometimes in conflict with one another. People who follow one model often point out where another model fails in... Continue Reading →

Issues That Might Arise While Using the DSM-IV

Some criteria used for reaching a diagnosis cannot be observed directly.It appears that the difference between some of the possible personality disorders is a question of why rather than what (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). For instance, the difference between a diagnosis of schizoid personality disorder and paranoid personality disorder is a question of why people... Continue Reading →

Questions to Learn More About a Person

Write ten questions you would ask to learn more about a person’s problems, feelings, relationships, and background. Let me put you in a situation. You are in high school. It is time for the S.A.T.’s. You have studied intensively for several weeks in preparation for the test, and now it is the night before the... Continue Reading →

Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism and Mental Retardation

Respond to the following: List the primary features of autism.The primary features of autism are lack of responsiveness, language and communication problems (echolalia, pronominal reversal), limited imaginative play, very repetitive and rigid behavior, preservation of sameness, self-stimulatory behaviors, and self-injurious behavior (Nevid & Rathus, 2005)Which explanation for autism is no longer considered valid and lacks... Continue Reading →

DSM-IV Evaluation of Case Studies

Case Study 1 (Schizoid Personality Disorder) Schizoid personality disorder (SPD) is characterized by a lack of emotional response, social relationships, and sexual interest. The causes of this personality disorder fall entirely in the realm of the environment, rather than any genetic or biologic considerations. The psychodynamic approach theorizes that an unaccepting or abusive parent-child relationship... Continue Reading →

Diagnosis of Bipolar II Disorder

Marla is a 42-year-old Hispanic female who comes to the mental health clinic complaining of trouble sleeping, feeling "jumpy all of the time," and an inability to concentrate. These symptoms are causing problems for her at work, where she is an accountant. Marla’s symptoms are consistent with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, specifically bipolar II... Continue Reading →

Difference Between Unipolar and Bipolar Depression

In the United States, some form of depression affects upwards of 10 percent of the population in any given year; whereas, only about 1 percent of adults worldwide are affected by bipolar disorders in the same timeframe (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Unipolar depression and bipolar disorder affect people from all socioeconomic, religious, and ethnic backgrounds,... Continue Reading →

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