DSM-IV Evaluation of Case Studies

Case Study 1 (Schizoid Personality Disorder) Schizoid personality disorder (SPD) is characterized by a lack of emotional response, social relationships, and sexual interest. The causes of this personality disorder fall entirely in the realm of the environment, rather than any genetic or biologic considerations. The psychodynamic approach theorizes that an unaccepting or abusive parent-child relationship... Continue Reading →

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Diagnosis of Bipolar II Disorder

Marla is a 42-year-old Hispanic female who comes to the mental health clinic complaining of trouble sleeping, feeling "jumpy all of the time," and an inability to concentrate. These symptoms are causing problems for her at work, where she is an accountant. Marla’s symptoms are consistent with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, specifically bipolar II... Continue Reading →

Difference Between Unipolar and Bipolar Depression

In the United States, some form of depression affects upwards of 10 percent of the population in any given year; whereas, only about 1 percent of adults worldwide are affected by bipolar disorders in the same timeframe (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Unipolar depression and bipolar disorder affect people from all socioeconomic, religious, and ethnic backgrounds,... Continue Reading →

Sexuality at Different Life Stages

Sex is the one biological process that is completely necessary for the perpetuation of humankind. We, as a race, can eat well, sleep well, drink well, and even love well, but without the capacity to reproduce we cannot continue beyond a single generation. Yet the reproductive component of sex sometimes takes a backseat to more... Continue Reading →

The Determination of Gender Identity

The great science fiction writer, Robert Heinlein (1961), once wrote, “Women and cats will do as they please, and men and dogs should relax and get used to the idea” (p. 2). The sexual revolution of the past few generations, epitomized in this quote, has come to define the question of gender identity in my... Continue Reading →

To Eat or Not to Eat

You are a counselor for those suffering from eating disorders. Today, you have two different group sessions: one consisting of clients with obesity issues, and one dealing with anorexia issues. So that the clients feel more comfortable, you would like to first start the session by explaining some of the physiological factors that cause people... Continue Reading →

The Brain: Structures and Divisions

I have always found it interesting how humans seem incapable of producing any mechanism outside of the blueprint of the human body. We, for instance, create computers that almost directly mirror the function and applicability of the human brain. Then we manufacture automobiles that utilize the same processes as our body, albeit with different ingredients,... Continue Reading →

Sleep Deprivation, Disorder, and Drugs

It has been my experience that sleep is the luxury of the strong-minded and the vice of the weak-minded. Sleep, in my life, has served as both a safe haven and torture chamber. I think Dale Carnegie (n.d.), the author of How to Win Friends and Influence People, said it best, “If you can’t sleep,... Continue Reading →

Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases, and Drugs

The prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the United States is at a level that demands greater understanding of the mechanisms involved in the disorders and the drugs commonly concerned in treatment. Consequently, about 1% of the general population is affected by schizophrenia, 6% for depression, .07% of children develop Tourette syndrome, and about 25% of... Continue Reading →

Personal Narrative

The great motivational writer Orison Marden once said, “Deep within man dwell those slumbering powers…that would revolutionize his life if aroused and put into action” (Marden, n.d.). The evolution of my young adult life has been marked by words such as these. During these past few years, I have been struggling with identity versus role... Continue Reading →

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