Biological and Cognitive Psychology Presentation

Slide 1 Notes This presentation is concerned with the development of the cognitive movement within psychology and its apparent precursors and predications. The biological view of psychology is considered only as an obvious, concurrent development within the framework of cognitive psychology. Many of the advances in the understanding of the biological mechanisms of cognition had... Continue Reading →

Psychoanalytical Structuralism Compared to Jamesian Functionalism

The great insight of psychological analysis, including Freud’s psychoanalysis, Adler’s individual psychology, Jung’s analytical psychology, and James’s “stream of thought” analogy; is that consciousness can be explained. However, there exists a gulf between the Jamesian understanding of consciousness and the traditional psychoanalytical approach, epitomized by the contrast between functionalism and structuralism, respectively. Whereas structuralism has... Continue Reading →

Women in Psychology (Mary Whiton Calkins)

History without context is little more than the recitation of unrelated events, and history without specific events is little more than a fanciful narrative; therefore, history exists as an interrelated duality between specific events and context. It is through the eyeglass of this apparent duality that the great accomplishments of science come firmly into view... Continue Reading →

Most Effective Research Concerning Brain Localization

What methods were use to conduct research concerning the localization of behavior/brain relationships? Which method do you feel is most effective? Why? I was particularly interested in Lashley’s research into lesions of rat brains. I did not find this in our textbook. I was doing research for the team presentation and found this pic on: ... Continue Reading →

Similarities Between Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning

What are the similarities between classical conditioning, as described by John B. Watson, and operant conditioning, as defined by B.F. Skinner? What are the differences? Both of these approaches to understanding and manipulating behavior are predicated on the association of previously unassociated stimuli and responses. Which came first…the chicken or the egg? Now, this is... Continue Reading →

Structuralism and Functionalism in Early Formal Psychology

How would you distinguish between structuralism and functionalism in early formal psychology? What are some of the similarities between them? What are some of the differences between them? When I study opposing views in psychology I always try to boil them down into “ends” and “means”. I don’t really know why. I guess this type... Continue Reading →

Classifying Mental Disorders Into Types

What are the advantages and disadvantages of classifying mental disorders into “types” and maintaining such for clinical reference? Explain your answer. Well, one of the main disadvantages to classifying mental disorders is that they sometimes become self-fulfilling prophecies. Some of the classifications, such as schizophrenia, cover a broad range of symptoms and dysfunctions. In fact,... Continue Reading →

Psychology in Historical Perspective: Early Developments

Charles Darwin (1872) once postulated that “…natural selection acts only by taking advantage of slight successive variations…” (p. 156). It is through these slight, successive variations, Darwin hypothesized, that some species evolve into other species and some species become extinct over time. In the same way, beginning with Pavlov’s Conditioned Reflexes and John Watson’s Behaviorist Manifesto, behaviorism has... Continue Reading →

The Physical Body and The Rise of Psychology as a Discipline

How does the rise of human interest in the nature and structure of the physical body related to the eventual rise of psychology as a discipline? Please provide specific examples in your response. I have always been captivated by Descartes’ “I think, therefore I am” quote. I suppose before someone could try to explain, through... Continue Reading →

The Physical Brain and the Incorporeal Mind

Where nature and nurture intersect to create human behavior is as evasive a locality as where the physical brain and metaphysical consciousness intersect to create human thought, if such an intersection exists at all. The discussion of just such an intersection has occupied much of philosophy past, psychology past, and present, and anticipates the biopsychology... Continue Reading →

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