Psychoanalytical Structuralism Compared to Jamesian Functionalism

The great insight of psychological analysis, including Freud’s psychoanalysis, Adler’s individual psychology, Jung’s analytical psychology, and James’s “stream of thought” analogy; is that consciousness can be explained. However, there exists a gulf between the Jamesian understanding of consciousness and the traditional psychoanalytical approach, epitomized by the contrast between functionalism and structuralism, respectively. Whereas structuralism has... Continue Reading →

Psychology in Historical Perspective: Early Developments

Charles Darwin (1872) once postulated that “…natural selection acts only by taking advantage of slight successive variations…” (p. 156). It is through these slight, successive variations, Darwin hypothesized, that some species evolve into other species and some species become extinct over time. In the same way, beginning with Pavlov’s Conditioned Reflexes and John Watson’s Behaviorist Manifesto, behaviorism has... Continue Reading →

Life Span Development and Personality

Freud and unconscious conflict, Pavlov and learning, Darwin and natural selection; all of these great men of science developed theories to explain the world around us and within us. They did not, however, develop these theories outside the context of their surroundings, their upbringing, or their own personalities. President-elect Barack Obama will soon become the... Continue Reading →

Scientific Evidence that Supports Evolution

Post your response to the following: Given Darwin’s theory of evolution, what scientific evidence best supports evolution by natural selection? One example I found of evidence that supports evolution by natural selection is the rat snake found in the southeastern United States (Evolution, 2005). Regional adaptation has occurred in the several different types of rat... Continue Reading →

Theories of Emotion Comparison

Darwin It would seem that Darwin’s theory of emotion deals more with the theory of the expression of emotion rather than a theory detailing the exact mechanisms of emotion. Darwin’s theory entails the underlying premise that emotional expressions necessitate the same emotional state across an entire species (Pinel, 2007). As with Darwin’s theory of natural... Continue Reading →

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