Learning and Memory Presentation

Slide 3 Notes Learning and memory are deeply connected. There can be no learning without memory (Wickens, 2005). Memory is derived exclusively from learning experiences. Without learning and memory we would be mentally and psychologically dead. The brain is able to acquire complex, new information and store the memory within its vast arrays of neurons.... Continue Reading →

Psychology in Historical Perspective: Early Developments

Charles Darwin (1872) once postulated that “…natural selection acts only by taking advantage of slight successive variations…” (p. 156). It is through these slight, successive variations, Darwin hypothesized, that some species evolve into other species and some species become extinct over time. In the same way, beginning with Pavlov’s Conditioned Reflexes and John Watson’s Behaviorist Manifesto, behaviorism has... Continue Reading →

Sensation, Perception, and Attention

Sensation and perception are very active processes. A sensation is an act of translation, converting external stimuli into an internal version or representation (Kowalski & Westen, 2005). People also orient themselves to stimuli to capture sights, sounds and smells that are relevant to them. Like sensation, perception is an active process: It organizes and interprets sensations.... Continue Reading →

Life Span Development and Personality

Freud and unconscious conflict, Pavlov and learning, Darwin and natural selection; all of these great men of science developed theories to explain the world around us and within us. They did not, however, develop these theories outside the context of their surroundings, their upbringing, or their own personalities. President-elect Barack Obama will soon become the... Continue Reading →

Personal Experiences: Personality

Post a 200- to 300-word response to the following: Do you think this event changed your personality? If it has changed your personality, how has your personality been changed? If the event has not changed your personality, why not? Never mind the details, but when I was 15 I dropped out of school and went... Continue Reading →

History of Modern Personality Psychology

Directions: Using the matrix, list at least five events or major concepts from each of the three periods in the history of modern personality psychology. 1930 - 1950 †Up until the 1930s American psychology was considered nomothetic because it only tested general principals and laws of behavior. On the other hand, personality theorists pointed to... Continue Reading →

Fostering Hope Presentation

Slide 1 Notes As I read the opening section to this chapter I had to admit that I sympathize most with Martin Luther when he said, “Everything that is done in the world is done by hope” (Bolt, 2004, 159). Hope is that mechanism which can bring about the future in our minds before it... Continue Reading →

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