What is Negative Reinforcement?

What is negative reinforcement and give examples? In my own words, negative reinforcement is when something is taken away and that encourages a certain behavior. This mechanism of conditioning works differently than punishment because both kinds of punishment involve decreasing the chance of a future behavior. I had to read those sections a few times... Continue Reading →

Social Influences on Behavior

Social cognition is the process through which we categorize and understand the world around us and the social interactions that link us to that world. There exists within the psychological understanding of social cognition three models for understanding social interaction: networks of association, schemas, and concepts (Kowalski & Westen, 2005). The manner that human behavior... Continue Reading →

Perspectives of Substance Abuse

With which viewpoint or viewpoints do you agree most? Why? Provide specific examples of causal factors and treatments outlined by the respective theoretical viewpoints. I have always been a fan of the behaviorist perspective on psychological disorders, and substance-related disorders are no different. I do agree with Nevid and Rathus (2005) when they say that... Continue Reading →

Case Study on Stress and Coping

Case Study #1 Jennifer is a 29-year-old administrative assistant married to Antonio, an Italian engineer, whom Jennifer met four years earlier while on a business trip for her marketing company. The couple now lives in Nebraska, where Antonio works for the county‚Äôs transportation department and Jennifer commutes an hour each way to her marketing office.... Continue Reading →

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